Icons of Europe This fleur-de-lys represents the aims of Icons of Europe asbl.  The fleur-de-lys figure has been used as an ornament or emblem by almost all civilisations of the old and new worlds.

Tuberculosis TB and Art Music Drama

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TB has re-emerged as a global killer in the 21st century.
Icons of Europe, a partner of WHO's Stop TB Partnership,
use the arts and cultural research for TB advocacy.
The revenue of Chopin and The.Swedish Nightingale (2003)
is donated to the TB fight >> £20 plus shipping.

The engraving may be used with the following visible credit: "Image provided with the compliments of Icons of Europe, Brussels".
Men and women apparently sick with 'consumption' (TB) at a British ward in the 19th century.  Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale raised funds for the Brompton Hospital for Consumption and Diseases of the Chest in 1848.  Chopin died of TB in 1849.

Awarded the Nobel Price in Medicine 1905, Robert Koch, the German physician and scientist, presented his discovery of the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB) in 1882 on the evening of March 24 (now World TB Day).  "He began by reminding the audience of terrifying statistics ... ".  >> More about Dr Koch

TB HIV art music drama
The arts / great culture
TB, history and art
World TB Day 2013
"TB is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent.  In 2010, 8.8 million people fell ill with TB and 1.4 million died from TB."
WHO | STB | Stop TB
Stop TB Report 2011

- Our poster 2005
TB fight | PL/EU
Our initiatives
WHO / our book
Musical drama

TB & the Arts
« I consider it fundamental to link a disease like TB to the art and culture world »
Dr Mario C. Raviglione
Director, Stop TB, WHO

Icons of Europe n° 1 of 200-300 million hits of a Google
search for TB, Arts (17.Aug. 2012).¹

“La Liberté guidant le peuple”, 1830, by Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863).  Oil painting, at the Musée de Louvre. Edvard Munch: "The Sick Child I", lithograph, 1896. Miners in Southern Africa "have some of the highest rates of tuberculosis (TB) / HIV in the world".
Investing in people and
national security

An editorial of the International Herald Tribune "Extreme tuberculosis" (14 September 2006) concluded “Generosity is needed to fix it”.

Icons of Europe countered in a letter to the IHT/NYT editor:  "It is not a matter of charity and a patch-up, but about a global objective of investing in people and the security of nations."
"In Europe, the revolutions of the 19th century were to a large extent driven by fury over political oppression and despair over the poor living conditions of the growing urban centres.  These conditions bred public health scourges such as tuberculosis and cholera." - Source: page 66 of Chopin and The Swedish Nightingale (Icons of Europe, 2003).² Edvard Munch: "The Sick Child I", 1896
lithograph, 42 cm x 56.5 cm
Munch's sister Sophie died of TB at 16
© The Munch Museum

Paganini, Weber, Keats, Chopin, Tocqueville, Kafka, Orwell and many other Icons died also early in their life of tuberculosis.
Miners in Southern Africa "have [today] some of the highest rates of TB / HIV in the world".  A tragic signal in the debate on Africa's development - oil & mining vs. education health agriculture SME.²

Act 5 of "The Composer and the Nightingale":  “La Mort de Chopin”;  detail of print based on an 1885 oil painting by Félix Barrias.  Icons of Europe considers that the woman in white is Jenny Lind.

Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale, singing at Chopin's deathbed in October 1849 (Barrias 1883).
Ljiljana Jovanovic, Icons drama, Act 5, Warsaw >>
World TB Day: Toronto 2005, New York 2008
Warsaw, 6 April 2004.  Act 5, Death:  Ljiljana Jovanovic at the piano singing and playing for Chopin as Jenny Lind did shortly before 17 October 1849. In Hans Christian Andersen's story "The Nightingale" (1843), the Chinese emperor saw 'Death sitting on his chest'.  Drawing by Vilhelm Pedersen (1872).

In Hans Christian Andersen's story The Nightingale, the Chinese emperor saw 'Death sitting on his chest'.  Icons of E essay: "Did the emperor suffer from TB?"

¹ Stanford University

A musicology PhD candidate at
Stanford University, California invited in June 2012 Icons of Europe to provide information on the approach of using the arts and cultural research in the TB fight.


- 24-hr WTBD concert
- TB in popular culture
- TB in history and art

² In the 21st century, miners continue to fight for improved living conditions
  (pay, food, shelter, health, education, rights). BBC report, August 2012.